The U.S. Supreme Court’s 2015/2016 session covered a broad spectrum of issues. One of these was the question of affirmative action, addressed in Fisher v. University of Texas.

U.S. Supreme Court – Fisher v. University of Texas

In 2008 “Abigail Fisher, a white prospective student, sued UT, claiming that the school’s university program disadvantaged her.”
Providing some background on the case, Oyez posts:
In 1997, the Texas legislature enacted a law requiring the University of Texas to admit all high school seniors ranked in the top ten percent of their high school classes. After finding differences between the university’s undergraduate population’s racial and ethnic makeup and the state’s population, the University of Texas decided to modify its race-neutral admissions policy. The new policy continued to admit all in-state students who graduated in the top ten percent of their high school classes. For the remainder of the in-state freshman class, the university would consider racing a factor in admission.

Abigail N. Fisher, a Caucasian female, applied for undergraduate admission to the University of Texas in 2008. Fisher was not in the top ten percent of her class, so she competed for admission with other non-top ten percent in-state applicants. The University of Texas denied Fisher’s application.